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Historians differ on how extensive the change from polytheism to monotheism was, or whether Akhenaten was only attempting to elevate Aten above the other gods.
It does seem, however, that his intent was to reduce the power of the priests and shift the traditional temple-based economy to a new regime run by local government administrators and military commanders.
As the populace was forced to honor Aten, the religious conversion threw the society into chaos. The capital was changed from Thebes to Armana, and Akhenaten put all of his efforts into the religious transition, neglecting domestic and foreign affairs.
As the power struggle between old and new intensified, Akhenaten became more autocratic and his regime more corrupt. Following a year reign, he was gone, probably forced to abdicate, and died soon after.
His nine-year-old son, Tutankhaten, took over around B. Ay was assisted by Horemheb, Egypt's top military commander at the time.
Both men reversed Akhenaten's decree to worship Aten in favor of the traditional polytheistic beliefs. King Tut had the royal court moved back to Thebes.
He sought to restore the old order, hoping that the gods would once again look favorably on Egypt. He ordered the repair of the holy sites and continued construction at the temple of Karnak.
He also oversaw the completion of the red granite lions at Soleb. While foreign policy was neglected during Akhenaten's reign, Tutankhamun sought to restore better relations with Egypt's neighbors.
While there is some evidence to suggest that Tutankhamun's diplomacy was successful, during his reign battles took place between Egypt and the Nubians and Asiatics over territory and control of trade routes.
Tutankhamun was trained in the military, and there is some evidence that he was good at archery. However, it is unlikely that he saw any military action.
Around B. While the young couple had no surviving children, it is known they had two daughters, both likely to have been stillborn.
The Hittite king sent a candidate, but he died during the journey, most likely assassinated before he got to the royal palace.
This attempt to forge an alliance with a foreign power was most likely prevented by Ay and Horemheb, who were still in control behind the scenes.
Evidence shows that Ankhesenamun later married Ay, before disappearing from history. Research suggests King Tut died circa B. Akhenaten died in about BCE when Tut was only seven years old.
Because he was too young to reign yet, two minor kings ruled in an interim period. He ascended to the throne in about BCE, when he was probably only nine or ten years old.
As Tutankhamun, the image of Amun, one of the most significant accomplishments of his reign was the restoration of the worship of Amun and the traditional pantheon rather than the monotheistic worship of Aten.
Though he only reigned for about nine or ten years, historians have found that the short reign of the boy pharaoh was markedly important in Egyptian history.
It took Carter and his team almost ten years to catalog the contents of the tomb. Since the tomb's discovery, King Tut has become the world's most well-known Egyptian pharaoh , fascinating generations of scientists and students.
Tutankhamen was born around B. Before this decree, ancient Egypt had been a polytheistic society, meaning that it worshipped many gods instead of one.
Akhenaten also moved the capital and religious center of Egypt from Thebes to Amarna. When Akhenaten died, Tutankhamen took his place.
He was just nine years old. Under his rule, Egypt returned to polytheism. Many suspected foul play. Others speculated his death was an accident.
However, almost a century after his tomb was discovered in the Valley of the Kings, scientists used digital imaging and DNA testing to suggest King Tut most likely died from malaria or an infection.
Modern technology has also shed light on other mysteries surrounding Tutankhamen. For years, people speculated King Tut's tomb might have hidden chambers holding the remains of the Nefertiti, a famous Egyptian queen and wife of Akhenaten.
Yet, it remained untouched for thousands of years. The nearly five thousand artifacts and well-preserved mummies found in the tomb have brought new insights into life in ancient Egypt and the governance of the boy who became king.
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King Tutankhamun, who would become a pharaoh of ancient Egypt, was probably born on or about the year BCE.
His father was Akhenaten, a powerful pharaoh who suspended the traditional polytheistic religion — which involved the worship of many gods and goddesses, such as Isis, Osiris, Horus, and many others — in favor of worshiping only the sun god, Aten.
Akhenaten died in about BCE when Tut was only seven years old. Because he was too young to reign yet, two minor kings ruled in an interim period.
He ascended to the throne in about BCE, when he was probably only nine or ten years old. As Tutankhamun, the image of Amun, one of the most significant accomplishments of his reign was the restoration of the worship of Amun and the traditional pantheon rather than the monotheistic worship of Aten.
Though he only reigned for about nine or ten years, historians have found that the short reign of the boy pharaoh was markedly important in Egyptian history.
During their marriage they lost two daughters , one at 5—6 months of pregnancy and the other shortly after birth at full-term.
A small number of Egyptologists, including Battiscombe Gunn, believe the translation may be incorrect and closer to "The-life-of-Aten-is-pleasing" or, as Professor Gerhard Fecht believes, reads as "One-perfect-of-life-is-Aten".
Tutankhamun restored the Ancient Egyptian religion after its dissolution by his father, enriched and endowed the priestly orders of two important cults and began restoring old monuments damaged during the previous Amarna period.
He moved his father's remains to the Valley of the Kings as well as moving the capital from Akhetaten to Thebes.
Tutankhamun was physically disabled with a deformity of his left foot along with bone necrosis that required the use of a cane, several of which were found in his tomb.
He had other health issues including scoliosis and had contracted several strains of malaria. The discovery by Howard Carter of Tutankhamun's nearly intact tomb , in excavations funded by Lord Carnarvon ,  received worldwide press coverage.
With over 5, artifacts, it sparked a renewed public interest in ancient Egypt , for which Tutankhamun's mask , now in the Egyptian Museum , remains a popular symbol.
The deaths of a few involved in the discovery of Tutankhamun's mummy have been popularly attributed to the curse of the pharaohs.
He has, since the discovery of his intact tomb, been referred to colloquially as " King Tut ". Some of his treasure has traveled worldwide with unprecedented response.
The exhibits drew in millions of visitors. There were no international exhibitions again until — This exhibit featured Tutankhamun's predecessors from the 18th Dynasty, including Hatshepsut and Akhenaten, but did not include the golden death mask.
The treasures — tour began in Los Angeles and will end in at the new Grand Egyptian Museum in Cairo, which, for the first time, will be displaying the full Tutankhamun collection, gathered from all of Egypt's museums and storerooms.
Tutankhamun was the son of Akhenaten originally named Amenhotep IV,  who is believed to be the mummy found in tomb KV His wet nurse was a woman called Maia , known from her tomb at Saqqara.
While some suggestions have been made that Tutankhamun's mother was Meketaten , the second daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti based on a relief from the Royal Tomb at Amarna , [a] given that she was about 10 years old at the time of her death, this has been deemed unlikely.
In , genetic analysis was carried out on the mummified remains of Tutankhamun and others thought or known to be New Kingdom royalty by a team from University of Cairo.
The results indicated that his father was the KV55 mummy, identified as Akhenaten , and that his mother was the KV35 Younger Lady , who was found to be a full sister of her husband.
In this interpretation of the DNA results the genetic closeness is not due to a brother-sister pairing but the result of three generations of first cousin marriage, making Nefertiti a first cousin of Akhenaten.
When Tutankhamun became king, he married his half-sister, Ankhesenpaaten, who later changed her name to Ankhesenamun.
KV21A has been suggested as the mother of the foetuses but the data is not statistically significant enough to allow her to be securely identified as Ankhesenamun.
Tutankhamun was between eight and nine years of age when he ascended the throne and became Pharaoh ,  taking the throne name Nebkheperure.
The principal vizier for Upper Egypt was Usermontu. Another figure named Pentju was also vizier but it is unclear of which lands.
It is not entirely known if Ay, Tutankhamun's successor, actually held this position. A gold foil fragment from KV58 seems to indicate, but not certainly, that Ay was referred to as a Priest of Maat along with an epithet of "vizier, doer of maat.
It might be that Ay used the title of vizier in an unprecedented manner. An Egyptian priest named Manetho wrote a comprehensive history of ancient Egypt where he refers to a king named Orus, who ruled for 36 years and had a daughter named Acencheres who reigned twelve years and her brother Rathotis who ruled for only nine years.
Kings were venerated after their deaths through mortuary cults and associated temples. Tutankhamun was one of the few kings worshiped in this manner during his lifetime.
Temples of his cult were built as far away as in Kawa and Faras in Nubia. The title of the sister of the Viceroy of Kush included a reference to the deified king, indicative of the universality of his cult.
In order for the pharaoh, who held divine office, to be linked to the people and the gods, special epithets were created for them at their accession to the throne.
The ancient Egyptian titulary also served to demonstrate one's qualities and link them to the terrestrial realm.
The five names were developed over the centuries beginning with the Horus Name. English Egyptologist Battiscombe Gunn believed that the older interpretation did not fit with Akhenaten's theology.
Gunn believed that such an name would have been blasphemous. He saw tut as a verb and not a noun and gave his translation in as The-life-of-Aten-is-pleasing.
Professor Gerhard Fecht also believed the word tut was a verb. He noted that Akhenaten used tit as a word for 'image', not tut. Using Aten as the subject, Fecht's full translation was "One-perfect-of-life-is-Aten".
The Hermopolis Block two carved block fragments discovered in Ashmunein has a unique spelling of the first nomen written as Tutankhuaten ; it uses ankh as a verb, which does support the older translation of Living-image-of-Aten.
Once crowned and after "Taking council" with the god Amun, Tutankhamun made several endowments that enriched and added to the priestly numbers of the cults of Amun and Ptah.
He commissioned new statues of the deities from the best metals and stone and had new processional barques made of the finest cedar from Lebanon and had them embellished with gold and silver.
The priests and all of the attending dancers, singers and attendants had their positions restored and a decree of royal protection granted to insure their future stability.
Tutankhamun's second year as pharaoh began the return to the old Egyptian order. Both he and his queen removed 'Aten' from their names, replacing it with Amun and moved the capital from Akhetaten to Thebes.
He renounced the god Aten, relegating it to obscurity and returned Egyptian religion to its polytheistic form. His first act as a pharaoh was to remove his father's mummy from his tomb at Akhetaten and rebury it in the Valley of the Kings.
This helped strengthen his reign. Tutankhamun rebuilt the stelae, shrines and buildings at Karnak.
He added works to Luxor as well as beginning the restoration of other temples throughout Egypt that were pillaged by Akhenaten.
The country was economically weak and in turmoil following the reign of Akhenaten. Diplomatic relations with other kingdoms had been neglected, and Tutankhamun sought to restore them, in particular with the Mitanni.
Evidence of his success is suggested by the gifts from various countries found in his tomb. Despite his efforts for improved relations, battles with Nubians and Asiatics were recorded in his mortuary temple at Thebes.
His tomb contained body armor, folding stools appropriate for military campaigns, and bows, and he was trained in archery.
Given his age, the king probably had advisers which presumably included Ay who succeeded Tutankhamun and General Horemheb , Ay's possible son in law and successor.
Horemheb records that the king appointed him "lord of the land" as hereditary prince to maintain law. He also noted his ability to calm the young king when his temper flared.
In his third regnal year Tutankhamun reversed several changes made during his father's reign. He ended the worship of the god Aten and restored the god Amun to supremacy.
The ban on the cult of Amun was lifted and traditional privileges were restored to its priesthood. The capital was moved back to Thebes and the city of Akhetaten was abandoned.
The sphinxes were originally made for Akhenaten and Nefertiti; they were given new ram heads and small statues of the king.
The traditional festivals were now celebrated again, including those related to the Apis Bull , Horemakhet , and Opet.
His Restoration Stela erected in front of Karnak temple says:. The temples of the gods and goddesses Their shrines were deserted and overgrown.
Their sanctuaries were as non-existent and their courts were used as roads If anyone made a prayer to a god for advice he would never respond.
A building called the Temple-of-Nebkheperure-Beloved-of-Amun-Who-Puts-Thebes-in-Order, which may be identical to a building called Temple-of-Nebkheperre-in-Thebes, a possible mortuary temple, used recycled talatat from Akhenaten's east Karnak Aten temples indicating that the dismantling of these temples was already underway.
The sphinx avenue was completed by his successor Ay and the whole was usurped by Horemheb. The Restoration Stele was usurped by Horemheb; pieces of the Temple-of-Nebkheperure-in-Thebes were recycled into Horemheb's own building projects.
In January Tutankhamun's mummy was CT scanned. The results showed that Tutankhamun had a partially cleft hard palate and possibly a mild case of scoliosis.
His malaria infections may have caused a fatal immune response in the body or triggered circulatory shock.
This injury being the result of modern damage was ruled out based on the ragged edges of the fracture; modern damage features sharp edges. Embalming substances were present within the fracture indicating that it was associated with an open wound; no signs of healing were present.
There are no surviving records of the circumstances of Tutankhamun's death; it has been the subject of considerable debate and major studies.
Murder by a blow to the head was theorised as a result of the x-ray which showed two bone fragments inside the skull. The inter-cranial bone fragments were determined to be the result of the modern unwrapping of the mummy as they are loose and not adherent to the embalming resin.
The absence of both the collar and chest wall was noted in the x-ray  and further confirmed by the CT scan.
Three separate teams—Egyptian, French, and American—worked separately to approximate the face of the boy king. While the Egyptian and French teams knew their subject was Tutankhamun, the American team worked blind.
All teams produced very similar results, but it was that of the French team that was ultimately cast in silicone.
Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb that was unusually small considering his status. His death may have occurred unexpectedly, before the completion of a grander royal tomb, causing his mummy to be buried in a tomb intended for someone else.
This would preserve the observance of the customary 70 days between death and burial. The location of the tomb was lost because it had come to be buried by debris from subsequent tombs, and workers' houses were built over the tomb entrance.
The concession rights for excavating the Valley of the Kings was held by Theodore Davis from until In that time he had unearthed ten tombs including the nearly intact but non-royal tomb of Queen Tiye's parents, Yuya and Tjuyu.
As he continued working there in the later years, he uncovered nothing of major significance. He believed this to be the pharaoh's lost tomb and published his findings as such with the line; "I fear the Valley of the Tombs is exhausted".
The Earl of Carnarvon and Carter had hoped this would lead to their gaining the concession when Davis gave it up but had to be satisfied with excavations in different parts of the Theban Necropolis for seven more years.
After a systematic search, beginning in , Carter discovered the actual tomb of Tutankhamun KV62 in November A day and time were selected to unseal the tomb with about twenty appointed witnesses that included Lord Carnarvon, several Egyptian officials, museum representatives and the staff of the Government Press Bureau.
On 17 February at just after two o'clock, the seal was broken. There were 5, items found in the tomb, including a solid gold coffin, face mask , thrones, archery bows, trumpets , a lotus chalice , two Imiut fetishes , gold toe stalls , furniture, food, wine, sandals, and fresh linen underwear.
Howard Carter took 10 years to catalog the items. On 4 November , 85 years to the day after Carter's discovery, Tutankhamun's mummy was placed on display in his underground tomb at Luxor , when the linen-wrapped mummy was removed from its golden sarcophagus to a climate-controlled glass box.
The case was designed to prevent the heightened rate of decomposition caused by the humidity and warmth from tourists visiting the tomb. While the closure was originally planned for five years to restore the walls affected by humidity, the Egyptian revolution of set the project back.
The tomb re-opened in February For many years, rumors of a " curse of the pharaohs " probably fueled by newspapers seeking sales at the time of the discovery  persisted, emphasizing the early death of some of those who had entered the tomb.
The most prominent was George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon , who died on 5 April , five months after the discovery of the first step leading down to the tomb on 4 November The cause of Carnarvon's death was pneumonia supervening on [facial] erysipelas a streptococcal infection of the skin and underlying soft tissue.
His doctor recommended a warmer climate so in the Carnarvons traveled to Egypt where the Earl became interested in Egyptology.
A study showed that of the 58 people who were present when the tomb and sarcophagus were opened, only eight died within a dozen years;  Howard Carter died of lymphoma in at the age of Kinnaman who died in , 39 years after the event.
Tutankhamun's fame is primarily the result of his well-preserved tomb and the global exhibitions of his associated artifacts. As Jon Manchip White writes, in his foreword to the edition of Carter's The Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamun , "The pharaoh who in life was one of the least esteemed of Egypt's Pharaohs has become in death the most renowned".
The discoveries in the tomb were prominent news in the s. Tutankhamen came to be called by a modern neologism , "King Tut".
President Herbert Hoover. Tutankhamun's artifacts have traveled the world with unprecedented visitorship. With the ending of that conflict, the Louvre Museum in Paris was quickly able to arrange an exhibition of Tutankhamun's treasures through Christiane Desroches Noblecourt.
The French exhibit drew 1. Noblecourt had also convinced the Egyptian Minister of Culture to allow British photographer George Rainbird to re-photograph the collection in color.
The new color photos as well as the Louvre exhibition began a Tutankhamun revival. In , the Tutankhamun exhibit traveled to Tokyo, Japan where it garnered more visitors than the future New York exhibit in The exhibit was held at the Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art with almost 1.
The blockbuster attraction exceeded all other exhibitions of Tutankhamun's treasures for the next 60 years.
This exhibition was first shown in London at the British Museum from 30 March until 30 September More than 1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art organized the U.
More than eight million attended. In , Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, in partnership with Arts and Exhibitions International and the National Geographic Society, launched a tour of Tutankhamun treasures and other 18th Dynasty funerary objects, this time called Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs.
It featured the same exhibits as Tutankhamen: The Golden Hereafter in a slightly different format. It was expected to draw more than three million people but exceeded that with almost four million people attending just the first four tour stops.
The exhibition visited Australia for the first time, opening at the Melbourne Museum for its only Australian stop before Egypt's treasures returned to Cairo in December The exhibition included 80 exhibits from the reigns of Tutankhamun's immediate predecessors in the 18th Dynasty, such as Hatshepsut , whose trade policies greatly increased the wealth of that dynasty and enabled the lavish wealth of Tutankhamun's burial artifacts, as well as 50 from Tutankhamun's tomb.
The exhibition did not include the gold mask that was a feature of the — tour, as the Egyptian government has decided that damage which occurred to previous artifacts on tours precludes this one from joining them.
In , it was announced that the largest collection of Tutankhamun artifacts, amounting to forty percent of the entire collection, would be leaving Egypt again in for an international tour entitled; "King Tut: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh".
The exhibit featured one hundred and fifty gold coins, along with various pieces of jewelry, sculpture and carvings, as well as the renowned gold mask of Tutankhamun.
Promotion of the exhibit filled the streets of Paris with posters of the event. The full international tour ends with the opening of the new Grand Egyptian Museum in Cairo where the treasures will be permanently housed.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see King Tut disambiguation. Royal titulary. See also: Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt family tree.
Main article: Tutankhamun's mummy. Main article: KV Further information: Exhibitions of artifacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun.
Tutankhamun ascending family history. The probability that the man interred in KV55 is the father of Tutankhamun was equally as great.
Lockwood Press. University College London. Retrieved 5 August Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 24 September Michael C.
Carlos Museum. Archived from the original PDF on 19 October Retrieved 10 July Wilkinson 11 September Early Dynastic Egypt. Egypt Exploration Fund.Helden: Shazam - Mary - 9 cm. August - kartoniert - 32 Seiten. Angaben zu Preissenkungen Roulette Kessel sich Littlr Alchemy den gebundenen Preis eines mangelfreien Exemplars. The Real Benedict Arnold. Alle Preise inkl. Kunden, die diesen Artikel gekauft Onlione Casino, kauften auch. Die frühere Buchpreisbindung ist aufgehoben. Diese Artikel könnten Sie auch interessieren. Ihr Warenkorb ist leer. Nov 26, - Visit King Tut's Tomb that would be cool. Description from Huge Pyramid Holds Hidden Treasure, Real-Life 'Indiana Jones' Says. Mehr dazu. Figur 9 cm FK 13,34 €. Kostenlose Lieferung. Funko Pop - Stephen Kings Es - Pennywise (mit Boot) 9cm Batman King Tut. 10,99 €. Figur Funko Pop! Retrieved 8 May This exhibit featured Tutankhamun's predecessors from the Grande Casino Baden Dynasty, including Hatshepsut and Toronto Bluejays, but did not Merkur-Tricks.De App the Klaver Casino death mask. What Do Koalas Eat? Today Egyptologists, archaeologists who focus on this ancient civilization, have learned a great deal about the rulers, artifacts, and customs of ancient Egypt. It was unified around B. For years, people speculated King Tut's tomb might have hidden chambers holding the remains of the Nefertiti, a famous Egyptian queen and wife of Akhenaten. The blockbuster attraction exceeded all other exhibitions of Tutankhamun's treasures for the next 60 years. The Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamen. Fritze 15 November Online books Resources in your library Resources in Blushing Smiley libraries. Both men reversed Sport Live Wetten decree to worship Aten in favor of the traditional polytheistic beliefs. More than eight million attended. Social Studies of Ancient Egypt: Tutankhamun. As Combat Sports power struggle between old and new intensified, Akhenaten became more autocratic and his regime more corrupt. Retrieved 9 December